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Gardening

Azalea Pruning – Pests and Diseases

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Lazalea does not have its own genus, but like the rhododendron it belongs to the Rhodendron family, which in turn derives from the ericarcaceae, a name of Greek origin that literally means tree with rose flower. Actually, Lazalea is not a European plant as one might mistakenly think, but a floral species imported from Asian countries, such as China and Japan. Its presence in Europe dates back to the end of the 17th century. 1600 indicates precisely the period in which the lazalea imported to our territory after being transplanted, had its way of roots, thus giving life to a species that later reproduced spontaneously and called the alpine rose, known botanically as Rhododendron Ferrugineum.
azaleas

azaleaLazalea classified as one of the best ornamental floral species. Its aesthetic peculiarities make the plant have, through its flowering, a pleasant and elegant aesthetic result, which is considered of great value in any context in which the act of beautification is required.

Its main characteristic is the chromatic polyhedricity, that is, the flower is presented in different shades. Its numerous small but leafy corollas make the wavy and often shaded appearance of the lazalea a particularly vivid flower adaptable to any occasion.Another positive aspect is that the lazalea is not only an ornamental flower, but also lends itself as a plant which can be placed both indoors and outdoors. It is used on average as a garden or balcony species, but it can also be exposed in a closed environment without affecting the plant. Its small foliage, commonly also called deciduous. The stem can vary from 50 to 70 cm in height. The flowers have five stamens, this aspect makes Lazalea different from the Rhododendron, since on average it has flowers with ten stamens, ergo well double compared to the flowers of the dazalea. The mainly marketable varieties are: – Azalea Mollis, specific to Japan and China; – Azalea Pontica, present in any eastern zone; – Azalea Indica, an evergreen variety of small dimensions and indicated as a preferable indoor furniture. it will settle on itself, it must be acidic, rich in water, free or poor in limestone. Continuous irrigation of the soil allows the plant to have a decidedly longer life, since a drought soil would not be compatible at all with the needs of the plant itself, which requires frequent water changes that are able to constantly avoid dryness and aridity. We do not recommend exposure where temperatures are high, as it would lead to a gradual drying process that would irreparably damage the plant.

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prune azaleaBeing a plant with a very slow development, it does not require drastic or excessively regular pruning. The flowering period is the spring season, at the end of which it is advisable to prune.

The reason why it should happen at this precise period of the year is simple, the phase following flowering makes it easier to identify all those flowers that have withered in a short time, thus disfiguring the aesthetic appearance of the plant. Once removed, it is advisable to shorten the branches in such a way that they have the possibility to germinate quickly and make the bush more dense. Cyclically healthy for more consistent pruning, it allows the plant to maintain a healthy and vigorous appearance. recommended every 2/3 years, always in the posthumous period until flowering. Any type of azalea needs this treatment, regardless of whether the plant is exposed indoors or outdoors. The shortening of the foliage favors the thickening of the bush, which in turn, if strengthened, prevents the lower part of the plant from completely shedding over time. , thus losing that rounded and leafy appearance that is very particular and appreciated. Plants that are no longer young, planted for several years, need to be pruned at the end of the winter period. The bush should be shortened until its height reaches the size of 25/35 cm from the ground: this allows the plant to regenerate and flourish, thus counteracting the aging of the whole plant. This type of pruning delays the next flowering, since the plant in this phase is subject to the formation of new vegetation. Therefore, do not worry if your plant will not have flowers, a completely normal fact. However, each azalea needs frequent periodic cleaning, March and September are the ideal months to remove broken branches, wilted flowers and yellowing leaves.

It is recommended that pruning be carried out with specific scissors suitable for the operation, we recommend scissors with a clean and decisive cut. Absolutely prohibit toothed knives or obsolete pliers, to prevent branches from being cut poorly.

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