Every day, fruit plants produce a large amount of the product, which is consumed not only in our country, but is also exported to the outside thanks to the high demand on the world market. You should know that all trees produce fruits in a botanical sense, such as oak, pine, fir, but their fruits are irrelevant. Instead, there is a category of trees with fruit called edible precisely because they are eaten by humans. These trees are probably one of the categories of plants that require the greatest care and attention, especially in terms of maintenance and care. The most cultivated trees in Italy are undoubtedly the olive tree, cherry, peach and finally the citrus trees, namely lemon, mandarin, orange and others. All these trees require large areas and constant interest from breeders. Among the most cultivated tree species in Italy, those that occupy the largest area are undoubtedly olive trees, vines and citrus trees. They are planted mainly in the South and also in the North of Italy. Other fruit trees with extensive crops in the north are apple and pear plantations. On the other hand, trees that have been weaned a bit because they grow spontaneously are figs and mulberries. The latter give spectacular fruits that are admired by a good connoisseur.
The olive tree has a very strong trunk in southern Italy due to the fact that the plants commonly grown are secular. The leaves have two contrasting colors, in fact, we find intense green on one side and shiny silver on the opposite. The fruits are born in early September and develop between December and February. During this period, the famous olive oil harvest takes place. It likes flat terrain which allows for easy harvesting. The best location in terms of climate is undoubtedly a hilly area.
A plant of very ancient origin, native to the regions of South-West Asia. It is a very vigorous tree, reaching up to 30 meters in height. It has deciduous leaves, each leaf is composed …
Cherry – Prunus avium
The plant of Asian origin, widespread in Europe since ancient times, can be broadly divided into two different species: fruit cherry and fruit cherry. Chil …
Medleaf – Mespilus germanica
Mespilus germanica is a shrub or small tree found in Europe and Asia, with deciduous leaves, not very long-lived, which in old age reach 4-6 m in height. The bark is gray …
Peach – Prunus Persica
Prunus persica is a plant from Persia, from which the Latin name “persica” is derived, also spontaneously grows in China. The peach tree is a fruit tree with a small size, in …
The grapevine has a very short and intertwined trunk as it is a plant that develops a large amount of fruit and needs support from birth. The leaves are as large as a male’s hand and are light green in color which turns red in the fall months. The grapes that emerge in early May are harvested in October to begin harvesting. In this area, Italy is one of the world’s first PDO wine producers that loves fertile, but not too watery, soil. The best climate position is undoubtedly flat, even though many of the plants are mainly grown on the hills.
Citrus trees appear with a trunk that has many branches. Generally the secondary branches are covered with thorns. The leaves are very firm and light green. The fruits stay small and green all summer long. In winter, they color and grow larger. Harvesting takes place in the winter months from early December to March. These plants adapt well to water-poor soil, in fact, they are not afraid of summer heat, and hence drought. The best place to grow is flat land, possibly coastal.
Apple trees, such as pear trees, primarily have wonderful flowers that differ from peaches not in pink, but in white. These are trees with a not very strong trunk and very rounded leaves. The fruit blooms in spring to be harvested during the winter months. It is a plant that adapts well to cold and heavy rains. Usually its ideal terrain is hilly.
Fig trees and mulberries are plant varieties that have a history behind them. They are fruit trees with an intense flavor, and the first fruits in the market are sold at a high price. These are trees that have the first a lumpy trunk full of growths with a few leaves while the fruit is blooming, the second having a very slender trunk with a few branches. The leaves that cover the branches are dense and small. The fruit tends to color from very pale straw yellow with purple streaks to intense purple in the final stage of ripening. The land they prefer is flat, even though they tolerate both rain and intense heat well. In contrast to the figs that ripen in summer, mulberries ripen in spring.
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