Medlar needs sunny positions to grow without problems, but it also thrives in semi-shaded places where it can enjoy the sun for at least a few hours every day. This plant is not afraid of the cold, however, very young specimens are recommended to be repaired for the first winter after planting, placing them in a place also sheltered from the wind that can damage the branches. Mespilus germanica is a hardy and hardy variety that easily withstands winter temperatures as low as – 15 ° C, making it a plant that can be planted even at high altitudes.
The life cycle of these plants can reach up to fifty years, even if fruit production will gradually decline. 7 ° C
This variety is content with rainfall but may require abundant watering during very long dry periods. In fall and spring, bury some organic fertilizer at the plant’s feet. This type of plant does not like poorly drained soils, which can cause stagnation, a factor that can lead to dangerous rot; appreciates the presence of a good degree of humidity, however, which allows for better development. Younger specimens require regular watering until around the age of four.
Prefers loose soil, rich in organic matter, very well-drained; is concerned about highly alkaline soils. It is a plant that has a good degree of adaptation even to substrates that are not particularly suitable for it. The ideal substrate also depends on the type of washer used; in any case, it should not be calcareous and have a certain degree of humidity, but which does not allow stagnant water to form, which is harmful to the plant.
For better fruiting, the soil must be plant and weed-free; in some cases, we start sowing turf that can contrast with the presence of other types of grass and maintain a good level of soil moisture.
Reproduction of this type of plant can be done by seeds in spring; new plants must be grown in containers for at least several years before they can be planted. However, the most commonly used technique for reproducing medlar is one that is practiced through transplantation. The most commonly used rootstocks are usually quince, pear or hawthorn. The most commonly used transplant technique is the T-incision or the English double divide method.
To plant these plants, it is recommended to follow certain distance guidelines. If the plant is planted near the house, it is good to have at least 4 meters for smaller varieties. When plants grow in bushes, they must be at least 4.5 meters apart.
These plants and their fruits are rarely affected by pests or diseases. The most common problems are fungal diseases such as powdery mildew, scab, leaf spot and anthracnose. They can be caused primarily by unfavorable environmental conditions, with excessive humidity or an excessive amount of water. They should be counteracted by a timely intervention that will allow the environmental conditions to be modified and the problem to be eliminated by using special antifungal agents for spraying the plant.
There are different varieties and varieties of medlar that can be successfully grown and which differ in the size of the plant and the fruit produced, as well as the fruiting period and the presence or absence of seeds inside the fruit. The most popular varieties are Royal, Nottingham, which has brown fruit about 4 cm in size, and Dutch, which has a rusty red color. The most popular Italian varieties are Precoce, Nespolo d’Olanda, which has relatively small fruits, and Grosso di Germania, which is distinguished by its large fruit and sweet taste. Usually, medals grown in Italy are distinguished by the size of the fruit, and the classification includes small, medium, and large fruits.