What is psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a skin condition that lasts for a long time.
It is classified as an autoimmune disorder.
This suggests that instead of defending the body, your
immune system is harming it.
This disease affects about 7.4 million people in the United
Psoriasis causes the skin to grow scaly patches that are
itchy and uncomfortable and may be silvery or red.
The patches will last anywhere from a few days to more than
There are several types of psoriasis, and you can have more
Continue reading to learn more about these various types and
how they are treated.
The most common psoriasis symptoms are: red patches of skin
that are scaly, sometimes silvery, and skin patches.
Psoriatic arthritis is characterized by itchy skin and joint
swelling, stiffness, or pain.
The symptoms of psoriasis differ depending on the type.
Psoriasis is classified into five types:
erythrodermic plaque guttate inverse pustular plaque
Mental stress, anxiety, and low self-esteem can all be
symptoms of psoriasis.
People with psoriasis are also prone to depression.
There are also different types of psoriasis.
These appear differently depending on where the body is
Psoriasis, regardless of type, is not contagious.
The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis, also
known as psoriasis vulgaris.
Plaque psoriasis affects 80 to 90 percent of people with
It is distinguished by thick red patches of skin with a silver
or white scaly layer.
These patches are commonly found on the elbows, knees, and
scalp on the lower back
Patches are typically 1 to 10 centimeters wide, but can be
larger and cover a larger area of the body.
Scratching at the scales often worsens the symptoms.
To alleviate discomfort, your doctor may advise you to use
moisturizers to keep your skin from becoming too dry or irritated.
Over-the-counter (OTC) cortisone cream or ointment-based
moisturizers are examples of these moisturizers.
Your doctor may also work with you to identify your specific
psoriasis triggers, such as stress or a lack of sleep.
Other treatments may include: vitamin D creams, such as
calcipotriene (Dovonex) and calcitrol (Rocaltrol), to slow the rate at which
skin cells grow topical retinoids, to help reduce inflammation medication such
as tazarotene (Tazorac, Avage) applications of coal tar, either as a cream,
oil, or shampoo biologics, a class of anti-inflammatory drugs.
In some cases, light therapy may be required.
This entails subjecting the skin to both UVA and UVB rays.
To reduce inflammation, some treatments combine prescription
oral medications, light therapies, and prescription ointments.
Systemic medication in the form of oral, injectable, or
intravenous medication may be prescribed in moderate to severe cases.
Guttate psoriasis manifests itself as small red spots on the
It is the second most common type, affecting approximately
8% of psoriasis patients.
The majority of the time, it begins in childhood or early
The spots are tiny, distinct, and drop-shaped.
They are most commonly found on the torso and limbs, but
they can also be found on the face and scalp.
Spot psoriasis is usually not as thick as plaque psoriasis,
but it can progress to plaque psoriasis over time.
Guttate psoriasis develops as a result of certain triggers.
These are some of the triggers:
Medication for strep throat, stress, skin injury, and
Your doctor may prescribe steroid creams, light therapy, and
oral medications to treat guttate psoriasis.
Identifying the source of the infection can also aid in the
treatment of guttate psoriasis.
Antibiotics may be beneficial if the condition was caused by
a bacterial infection.
Flexural psoriasis, also known as inverse psoriasis, is a
type of ps
Flexural or inverse psoriasis frequently appears in
skinfolds, such as under the breasts, armpits, or groin.
This form of psoriasis is red, shiny, and smooth.
This type of psoriasis is prevented from shedding skin
scales by sweat and moisture from skinfolds.
It is occasionally misdiagnosed as a fungal or bacterial
Inverse psoriasis can be exacerbated by skin-on-skin
Most people who have inverse psoriasis also have psoriasis
in other areas of their body.
Inverse psoriasis treatments are similar to plaque psoriasis
They may include the following:
steroid creams for the skin
light therapy oral medications biologics available by
injection or intravenous infusion
To prevent your skin from thinning too much, your doctor may
prescribe a lower potency steroid cream.
You may also benefit from taking or applying medications
that inhibit the growth of yeast or bacteria.
Pustular psoriasis is the most severe type of psoriasis.
It appears quickly as a swarm of white pustules surrounded
by red skin.
Pustular psoriasis can affect isolated areas of the body,
such as the hands and feet, or it can cover the entire surface of the skin.
These pustules can also connect to form scaling.
Some people go through a cycle of pustules and remission.
While the pus is noninfectious, this condition can cause
flu-like symptoms such as:
fever chills rapid pulse muscle weakness loss of appetite
Pustular psoriasis is classified into three types:
von Zumbusch palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) acropustulosis
The symptoms and severity of the three types of pustular
Corticosteroid creams, either over-the-counter or
prescribed, oral medications, or light therapy may be used to treat the
Biologics may also be recommended.
Identifying and treating the underlying cause of pustular
psoriasis may also help reduce recurrence.